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The S&P BSE 100, also recognized as the S&P Bombay Stock Exchange 100, stands as an Indian stock market indicator that symbolizes the leading 100 businesses listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE). It holds a significant position as one of the primary barometers for the Indian equity market, enjoying widespread tracking by investors, analysts, and financial institutions. This index is managed and computed by S&P Dow Jones indexes, a well-known global authority in financial market indexes. The S&P BSE 100 index includes a diversified range of firms from numerous industries, including banking, information technology, pharmaceuticals, manufacturing, and others. This inclusiveness gives a comprehensive view of the Indian economy and important insights into the combined performance of the country's leading publicly listed firms.  It stands as a pivotal reference for investors keen on monitoring the prevailing trends in India's economic and stock market landscape.


Selection criteria of S&P BSE 100


The S&P BSE 100, an Indian stock market index, is tailored to portray the leading 100 companies listed on the BSE. The parameters for determining inclusion in the S&P BSE 100 predominantly hinge on the following aspects:


  1. Market Capitalization: Market capitalization is a fundamental factor in determining a company's eligibility for the S&P BSE 100. It is calculated by multiplying the current market price of a company's shares by the total number of outstanding shares. The index aims to include the largest companies by market capitalization to ensure it accurately reflects the Indian stock market's overall size and significance. This means that larger companies have a greater impact on the index's movements.

  2. Maintaining Adequate Liquidity: It is of paramount importance to ensure that the S&P BSE 100 accurately mirrors actively traded stocks. Businesses with higher liquidity are given preference for inclusion, as they furnish investors with abundant avenues for purchasing and selling shares without triggering substantial price swings. To satisfy the liquidity requirements, companies are generally expected to maintain a minimum average trading volume over a defined timeframe, and they should be actively traded on a significant number of trading days.

  3. Sector Representation: Diversification is a key consideration in constructing the S&P BSE 100. The primary objective of the index is to encompass a broad spectrum of sectors within the Indian economy. This diversification serves to mitigate risks specific to particular sectors and offers a more well-rounded perspective of the nation's economic performance. Consequently, companies from sectors spanning banking, information technology, pharmaceuticals, manufacturing, energy, and various others find their place within the index.

  4. Financial Viability: Companies that are financially healthy are preferred for inclusion in the S&P BSE 100. They should generally be profitable and maintain a positive net worth. This requirement ensures that the companies in the index are financially sound and less likely to face significant financial difficulties.

  5. Track Record: The index management team considers the companies' track records in terms of regulatory compliance and corporate governance. Companies demonstrating a track record of strict adherence to regulatory mandates and upholding robust corporate governance standards are more inclined to secure a place within the index. This instils a higher level of confidence among investors and contributes to bolstering the index's credibility.


It's imperative to highlight that the composition of the S&P BSE 100 is dynamic and subject to periodic evaluations. This dynamic nature ensures the index's continued alignment with the ever-evolving Indian stock market. Companies that no longer meet the defined criteria may face exclusion from the index, whereas those meeting the criteria may find inclusion. These routine assessments play a vital role in preserving the index's integrity and its continued relevance as a benchmark for the Indian stock market.


Characteristics of S&P BSE 100


The S&P BSE 100, as a prominent stock market index in India, exhibits several key characteristics:


  1. Diversification: The S&P BSE 100 is designed to be well-diversified across various sectors of the Indian economy. This diversification helps reduce risk associated with sector-specific market fluctuations and provides a more balanced representation of the broader economy.

  2. Performance Benchmark: The S&P BSE 100 serves as a critical performance benchmark for the Indian stock market. It enables investors and fund managers to assess the general well-being and expansion of the nation's stock market as they monitor shifts in the index.

  3. Volatility: Regarding volatility, akin to numerous stock market indices, the S&P BSE 100 may encounter fluctuations in its value, indicating the extent to which its worth varies over time. Factors such as economic events, corporate earnings reports, and global market conditions can influence this volatility.

  4. Periodic Realignment: The index is subject to regular assessments and adjustments aimed at maintaining its alignment with the leading 100 companies listed on the BSE. Firms that fall short of the inclusion criteria may be excluded, while newly eligible companies may be incorporated. This regular review process helps maintain the index's relevance and accuracy.

  5. Investment Instruments: The S&P BSE 100 serves as the underlying foundation for a range of investment vehicles, encompassing exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and mutual funds. These financial tools empower investors to access a diversified collection of companies featured within the index.

  6. Global Acknowledgment: Although its primary focus is India, the S&P BSE 100 has garnered acknowledgement and piqued the interest of worldwide investors and institutions keen on the Indian market. It provides a holistic perspective on the nation's economy and stock market, positioning it as a valuable point of reference for international investors.

  7. Economic Indicator: Changes in the index are widely used to assess the country's economic situation. When the index is functioning well, it can reflect economic growth and investor confidence, but a dropping index might imply economic difficulties.


The S&P BSE 100, renowned for its diversity, serves as a prominent gauge of India's top publicly listed firms and holds a pivotal position as a yardstick for the Indian stock market. Its attributes render it an indispensable tool for individuals, analysts, and entities seeking to evaluate the health of the Indian economy and make well-informed investment choices.




In summary, the S&P BSE 100 occupies a central role within the Indian stock market, acting as a key indicator of the nation's economic well-being and delivering invaluable perspectives for both investors and financial experts. Characterized by its diversified makeup spanning multiple sectors and its emphasis on the most prominent and liquid enterprises, this index provides a holistic overview of India's equity market. Its characteristics, including regular rebalancing and strong market capitalization focus, ensure that it remains a reliable and relevant benchmark. The S&P BSE 100 not only shapes investment strategies but also contributes to India's global recognition in the world of finance. As a vital indicator of economic performance and a basis for investment products, this index continues to play a pivotal role in the growth and development of India's financial landscape.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the significance of the S&P BSE 100 in the context of the Indian stock market?

Answer Field

The significance of the S&P BSE 100 index is that it provides a benchmark that captures the performance of the 100 largest and most liquid Indian companies across various sectors and industries. It represents about 77% of the total market capitalization of the S&P BSE LargeMidCap, and covers the major segments of the Indian economy.

What role does diversification play in the construction of the S&P BSE 100, and how does it benefit investors?

Answer Field

The role of diversification in the construction of the S&P BSE 100 index is that it helps to reduce the risk and volatility of the index by spreading the exposure across different companies, sectors, and industries. It also helps to capture the growth potential and opportunities of the Indian market by including companies from various segments such as IT, banking, energy, consumer goods, etc. Diversification benefits investors by offering them a balanced and representative portfolio of the Indian market, and by allowing them to compare the performance of different stocks and sectors with the index.

In what ways does the S&P BSE 100 act as an economic indicator for India?

Answer Field

The ways in which the S&P BSE 100 index acts as an economic indicator for India are that it reflects the trends, developments, and challenges of the Indian economy and its various sectors. It also responds to the changes in investor sentiment, market conditions, and global events that affect the Indian market. The index is widely followed by investors, analysts, media, and policymakers as a gauge of the health and direction of the Indian economy.

How can investors leverage the S&P BSE 100 for their investment strategies?

Answer Field

Investors can leverage the S&P BSE 100 index for their investment strategies by using the index as a reference point for evaluating the performance of their own portfolios, and for identifying the strengths and weaknesses of their holdings. They can also use the index as a basis for investing in index-linked products such as exchange-traded derivatives, index funds, and ETFs that track the S&P BSE 100 index. These products offer investors the benefits of diversification, liquidity, transparency, and low-cost exposure to the Indian market.

What measures are in place to ensure the transparency and credibility of the S&P BSE 100 index?

Answer Field

The measures that are in place to ensure the transparency and credibility of the S&P BSE 100 index are that the index follows a clear and consistent methodology that is based on objective and transparent criteria. The index is calculated and maintained by S&P Dow Jones Indices, a leading global provider of financial market indices. The index is also reviewed and rebalanced periodically to ensure that it reflects the current market conditions and composition. The index data and information are widely available and accessible to the public through various sources such as websites, publications, and media outlets.

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