nifty 100

Nifty 100

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Nifty 100

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Nifty 100 Performance

Day Range

Low22908.60 High23139.30

52 Week Range

Low 17388.55 High 23494.80

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In India, the "Nifty 100," maintained by the National Stock Exchange of India (NSE), is a prominent stock market index. This index comprises the 100 largest and most liquid stocks listed on the NSE and spans various sectors of the Indian economy. The Nifty 100 is a significant benchmark for the Indian equities market, providing vital insights into the market's overall health and performance. It is frequently used by investors, fund managers, and analysts to measure market trends and make investment decisions.


Aside from the Nifty 100, India has numerous more notable stock market indexes. The BSE manages the "Sensex," which represents the 30 biggest and most frequently traded equities on the BSE. In addition, sector-specific indexes track the performance of certain industries such as banking, pharmaceuticals, automobiles, real estate etc. These sector-specific indexes provide a more comprehensive perspective of each sector's performance in the Indian market, allowing investors to make more informed selections depending on their investment preferences and objectives.


Stock market indexes are important tools for investors and analysts because they provide a glimpse of the performance of various sectors and the market overall. These indexes are updated on a regular basis to reflect changes in market dynamics and the makeup of top firms, maintaining their usefulness in assisting market players in navigating the complexity of the Indian stock market. Individuals often resort to the official websites of the different stock exchanges or rely on credible financial news sources for the most up-to-date market data and analysis to acquire the most up-to-date information on these indexes and their component companies.

Selection Criteria Of NIFTY 100

The selection criteria for the Nifty 100, which is maintained by NSE Indices Limited is:


Market Capitalization: Companies included in the Nifty 100 are typically required to have a minimum market capitalization. This ensures that the index comprises relatively larger and more established companies.


Liquidity: Liquidity is a crucial factor. Constituent stocks are often required to have a minimum level of trading activity to be included in the index. This helps prevent the inclusion of thinly traded or illiquid stocks.


Free Float: Many indices consider only the free-float market capitalization of a company. Free float represents the portion of a company's shares that are available for trading by the public. Focusing on free float helps ensure that the index represents shares that are more readily accessible to investors.


Sector Representation: The Nifty 100 aims to have representation from various sectors to ensure diversification. This helps prevent overconcentration in a specific industry and provides a more balanced view of the market.


Historical Performance: In some cases, the historical financial performance and stability of companies may be considered as a factor in stock selection.


Regular Rebalancing: Indices like the Nifty 100 are rebalanced periodically to account for changes in market conditions and to maintain their representativeness. This ensures that the index remains reflective of the evolving market landscape.


Transparent Methodology: The index provider typically follows a transparent and publicly available methodology for stock selection and index calculation. This methodology is documented and published for reference.


It's important to note that the specific selection criteria for the Nifty 100 or any index are typically defined by the index provider, and these criteria can change over time to adapt to market conditions and evolving best practices.


For the most up-to-date and precise information on the selection criteria of the Nifty 100, I recommend referring to the official documentation provided by NSE Indices Limited or the Nifty Indices website. They will have the latest details on the methodology and criteria used for stock selection in the Nifty 100.


Characteristics of NIFTY 100


Broad Market Representation: The NIFTY 100 is designed to represent a broad and diverse section of the Indian stock market. It includes a larger number of stocks compared to more specific indices like the NIFTY 50 or sector-specific indices, which means it provides a more comprehensive view of the overall market.


Larger Pool of Companies: Unlike narrower indices, the NIFTY 100 includes a more extensive selection of companies. This can include well-established, large-cap companies as well as mid-cap companies, providing a broader perspective on the market's performance.


Diverse Sectors: The index typically includes companies from various sectors of the economy, such as finance, technology, healthcare, consumer goods, and more. This sector diversification helps in reducing sector-specific risk.


Market Capitalization Range: The NIFTY 100 may include companies with various market capitalizations, but they are generally weighted based on market capitalization. Larger companies have a more significant influence on the index's movement.


Liquidity: Constituent stocks are often required to meet specific liquidity criteria to ensure that they are actively traded and readily accessible to investors.


Regular Rebalancing: Indices like the NIFTY 100 are periodically rebalanced to account for changes in market capitalization and to maintain their representativeness. This ensures that the index remains reflective of the evolving market conditions.


Investor Insights: It offers investors with a comprehensive perspective of the performance of the Indian stock market. It may be used to evaluate general market trends and make sound investment selections.


Please keep in mind that specific details about the NIFTY 100, such as its current composition, methodology, and selection criteria, can change over time, so for the most up-to-date information, please consult the official documentation and resources provided by NSE Nifty Indices or other reputable financial sources.



Finally, the Nifty 100 is an Indian stock market index that represents a wide and complete picture of the Indian equities market. It often contains a bigger pool of firms from many industries, giving investors with a well-rounded view of market performance. Index selection factors include market size, liquidity, industry representation, and historical performance. It serves as a benchmark for mutual funds, ETFs etc allowing investors and fund managers to compare their performance to the overall market. To access the latest details about the Nifty 100, like any other index, it is essential to refer to the official documentation and resources provided by the index provider since index criteria can be adjusted over time to mirror shifts in market conditions. For the most up-to-date information on the Nifty 100, as with any index, it's critical to consult official documentation and resources from the index provider, since index parameters might alter over time to react to changing market circumstances and best practices.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What role does liquidity play in the selection of stocks for the Nifty 100?

Answer Field

Liquidity plays an important role in the selection of stocks for the Nifty 100, as it ensures that the index is easily replicable and tradable by investors. All the index constituents have derivatives traded on them, and the maximum weight of a single stock is capped at 15%. The index is also reviewed semi-annually to ensure that the stocks meet the liquidity criteria.

How does the Nifty 100 contribute to the Indian equities market's overall health and performance?

Answer Field

The Nifty 100 contributes to the Indian equities market’s overall health and performance by representing the top 100 companies based on full market capitalisation from the Nifty 500. The index covers major sectors of the economy and reflects the behavior of large market capitalisation companies. The Nifty 100 Index represents about 69% of the free float market capitalization of the stocks listed on NSE as on September 29, 2023. The index also serves as a benchmark for various instruments such as exchange traded funds, index funds, futures and options contracts, and structured products.

What is the Nifty 100 benchmark?

Answer Field

The Nifty 100 benchmark is the Nifty 100 Total Returns Index (TRI), which captures the returns from the index constituents arising from dividend payments or any other corporate actions. The Nifty 100 TRI is computed by adding the daily dividend yield to the daily price return of the Nifty 100 Index.

How does the Nifty 100 impact thematic and sector-specific investing in the Indian market?

Answer Field

The Nifty 100 impacts thematic and sector-specific investing in the Indian market by providing exposure to different themes and sectors through its sub-indices. For example, the Nifty 100 ESG Sector Leaders Index tracks the performance of select companies within each sector of the Nifty 100 that have scored well on management of environmental, social, and governance (ESG) risk and that do not have involvement in any major controversies. Similarly, the Nifty 100 Liquid 15 Index provides exposure to the liquid stocks while making the index easily replicable and tradable.

Can the Nifty 100 be considered a barometer for India's economic health, and how has its performance historically correlated with broader economic indicators?

Answer Field

The Nifty 100 can be considered a barometer for India’s economic health, as it reflects the performance of the large market capitalisation companies that contribute significantly to the country’s GDP and employment. The Nifty 100 has historically correlated with broader economic indicators such as GDP growth, inflation, interest rates, exchange rates, and fiscal and monetary policies. However, the Nifty 100 may also be influenced by other factors such as global market conditions, industry trends, corporate earnings, and investor sentiments, which may not always reflect the true state of the economy.

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