How is Trading of Private Equities Done in the Equity Market?

Listen to our Podcast: Grow your wealth and keep it secure.

0:00 / 0:00

Introduction to Private Equities

Private equities are investments in companies not trading within the public equities markets. Unlike public companies, whose shares are available to be bought by anyone, private equity trade is usually accessible only to institutional investors, accredited investors, or via private equity firms. The investments involve venture capital, growth capital, buyouts, and more. Private equity trade is all about active management, operational enhancement, and long-term growth against high returns—often realized through the ultimate sale or IPO of invested companies. Now that we know what is trading on equity and what is private equity, let's look at the differences between private and public equity. 

Key Differences Between Private and Public Equities


- Private Equities: Generally available only to institutional investors and high-net-worth individuals.

- Public Equities: Offered to all classes of investors over the stock exchange.


- Private Equities: lightly regulated; very few disclosure norms to adhere to.

- Public Equities: Highly regulated, stringent reporting, and high disclosure norms.


- Private Equities: Not liquid; it involves a longer time before the returns are realized.

- Public Equities: Highly liquid—can be quickly bought and sold.


- Private Equities: Price determination through negotiation and, in most cases, by an infrequent, complicated procedure of valuation.

- Public Equities: The price is set by the listed in both the stock exchanges.

Why Invest in Private Equities?

High Return Potential: Private equities may generate higher returns than Public ones by dint of the potential value creation emanating from active management and operational improvements.

Diversification: Private equities provide an avenue for the diversification of an investor's portfolio in order to reduce the overall risk by investing in various sectors and companies that do not correlate with public markets.

Control and Influence: The private equity investor has more control and propensity to influence all strategic decisions about the company's strategic direction and operational changes, all of which impact the growth and profitability of the company.

Access to Unique Opportunities: Many private equity investments involve unique opportunities, such as venture capital early-stage investments in the most promising modern startups, or buying out established companies from the private sector.

Long-term orientation: Generally, private equity investments are long-term, aligning the interests of investors and management toward the creation of value and growing sustainably over time.

How Private Equity Trading Works

Trading private equities involves the selling and buying of ownership stakes in private companies. While public equities take place on public stock exchanges, private equity trading represent dealings that occur outside public stock exchange markets through privately negotiated deals between willing buyers and sellers or those facilitated by private equity firms. 

The typical trading process includes intensive due diligence and valuation assessments in an effort to have a transaction as fair and secure as possible, with a substantial amount of legal documentation. Private equity firms are known to be in a critical position when sourcing opportunities, structuring investments, and subsequently handling portfolio companies.

Steps on How toTrade Private Equities

1. Deal Sourcing: Looking for potential or investment opportunity networking and through industries via contacts and private equity firms.

2. Due Diligence: Careful consideration of the Target Company's Financials, Operations and Market Potential.

3. Valuation: Estimating Fair Value of the Target Company through Financial Modeling and Negotiation.

4. Structuring the Deal: Writing terms of the investment, including equity stakes, control rights, and exit strategies.

5. Legal Documentation: Preparation of agreements and their signing to legalize the investment.

6. Post-Investment Management: Active management of the investment to enhance value and prepare for eventual exit through a sale or IPO.

Platforms for Trading Private Equities

Private equities trade on various kinds of platforms, which include:

- Private Equity Firms: firms that pool funds from investors to acquire stakes in private companies, hence giving an investor access to a diversified portfolio of private equity trades.

- Secondary Market Platforms: Online platforms facilitate the trading of pre-IPO shares, allowing investors to buy and sell private company shares before they go public.

- Direct Investments: Institutional investors and high-net-worth individuals can participate directly in investment in private companies through personal networks and investment clubs.

Regulatory Aspects of Private Equity Trading

Private equity trading is regulated under specific jurisdiction-regulated regulatory frameworks. The important aspects of regulation related to the same are as follows:

Accredited Investor Requirements: Generally, an accredited investor—a category of persons meeting specified income or net worth requirements—can participate in private equities.

Disclosure Requirements: Despite being less stringent than for public equities, private equity trades are still subject to some disclosure standards that help protect investors from unsavory deals.

Securities Laws: The law on local securities, coupled with their ancillary requirements for registration and reporting, should be fully complied with.

Risks and Rewards of Trading Private Equities


• High Returns: Likelihood of high returns due to high value creation.

• Control: More control over the management of the company and the strategies to be implemented.

• Diversification: The ability to participate in unique investments that are not correlated with the public markets.

Risks :

• Illiquidity: It's tough to sell investments quickly without facing a substantial loss in value.

• High Minimum Investment: Apart from being expensive, it often requires substantial capital, hence shutting out the small investor.

- Long Holding Periods: Years are needed to make investments pay off, requiring patience and long-term approaches.

- Operational Risk: Possible operational challenges and problems in management that a portfolio company may face.

Brokers and Intermediaries Role in Trading of Private Equity

Brokers and intermediaries play a significant role in private equity trading by:

Deal Sourcing: Identifying and presenting an investment opportunity to potential investors.

Facilitating Transactions: Assistance in negotiations, transaction structuring, and compliance with applicable laws.

Rendering Expertise: Industry, financial, and strategic insights to help frame investment decisions.

Due Diligence: Thorough review and analysis of target companies to identify pitfalls and enable prudent investments.

Getting Started with Private Equity Trading

1. Learn the Market: Educate yourself on private equity markets, strategies, and risks.

2. Accredited investor: Make sure you are qualified for investment in private equities.

3. Choose the Right Platform: Choose the appropriate private equity firm, secondary market platform, or direct investment approach that will serve your goals for your investments.

4. Due Diligence: Carefully assess prospective investments against parameters such as financials, management team, potential marketability, etc.

5. Invest and Track: Finally, make the investment and track its performance keenly. Provide the needed support system and strategic advice.


Trading private equities holds vast opportunities for high yields, diversification, and control over investments. On the other hand, this asset class also involves matters of risk associated particularly with the liquidity of assets, high minimum investments, and regulatory requirements. Knowing the major points in trading private equities, performing due diligence, and seeking help via brokers and intermediaries, investors can tread this difficult market and gain a lot financially.

Disclaimer: Investments in the securities market are subject to market risk, read all related documents carefully before investing.

This content is for educational purposes only. Securities quoted are exemplary and not recommendatory.

For All Disclaimers Click Here:

Share this article: 

Frequently Asked Questions

What is private equity trading?

Answer Field

Private equity trading involves the buying and selling of ownership stakes in private companies through open private deals or with the help of private equity firms.

How Does Private Equity Differ from Public Equity?

Answer Field

Private equity means investment in the non-publicly traded company, with higher return but at higher risks and less liquidity if compared to public equity.

What are the principal advantages of investments in Private Equity?

Answer Field

Benefits such as high return potential, diversification, control over the decisions of the company, and access to exclusive investment opportunities are part of this package.

How Can I Start Trading Private Equity?

Answer Field

The way to trade private equity involves understanding the market, qualifying as an accredited investor, choosing the right platform, doing due diligence, and monitoring investments actively.

What are the Risks in Trading Private Equity?

Answer Field

These include illiquidity, a high minimum investment requirement, a long holding period, and operational problems within the portfolio companies.

Are there any regulatory requirements for Trading Private Equity?

Answer Field

Yes, private equity trading is subject to regulations, which may differ by jurisdiction. This includes accredited investor requirements, securities laws compliance, and others.

No Result Found

Read More Blogs

Our Secure Trading Platforms

Level up your stock market experience: Download the Bajaj Broking App for effortless investing and trading

Bajaj Broking App Download

7.5 Lacs+ Users


4.3+ App Rating


4 Languages


₹4300 Cr MTF Book