Understanding RBI's New Guidelines on Penal Charges for Loans

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The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has recently updated its guidelines on penal charges for loans, which came into effect from April 1, 2024. These changes are significant for both borrowers and lenders as they aim to ensure fair practices in the imposition of additional charges on loan accounts.

What Are the New Guidelines?

The RBI's new guidelines prohibit banks and financial institutions from imposing extra charges on borrowers for missing loan payments or for any breaches of loan terms. This move is designed to protect consumers from unfair penal charges and to promote responsible credit behaviour among borrowers.

Key Points of the New Guidelines:

- Penal Charges: Banks can no longer charge borrowers extra for late payments or other loan agreement violations.

- Penal Interest: The imposition of penal interest on late EMI payments is now barred.

- Fair Practice: The guidelines are intended to prevent penal charges from being used as a revenue enhancement tool.

- Uniformity: The same penalty will be charged for the same loan product, regardless of whether the borrower is retail or corporate.

Impact on Borrowers

For borrowers, this is a welcome change as it eliminates the additional financial burden that penal charges could impose. It ensures that any penalties are reasonable and justified, rather than arbitrary revenue-generating tactics.

Impact on Lenders

Lenders are required to adhere to these guidelines strictly, which means they must review their loan agreements and penalty structures. They must ensure that any penal charges are not capitalised and that no further interest is computed on such charges.

Implementation Timeline

The guidelines are already in effect for all new loans from April 1, 2024. For existing loans, the norms will be applicable from June 1, 2024. This gives financial institutions ample time to adjust their practices accordingly.


The RBI's new guidelines on penal charges are a step towards more ethical lending practices. They emphasise the importance of transparency and fairness in the financial industry, which ultimately benefits the consumer. Borrowers can now have peace of mind knowing that they will not be subject to unjust penal charges, and lenders are encouraged to foster a more responsible credit environment. 

Bajaj Broking, a leading player in the stockbroking market, has always been at the forefront of providing transparent and customer-friendly services. With the Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) new guidelines on penal charges for loans, Bajaj Broking is set to integrate these changes into its product suite to ensure compliance and enhance customer satisfaction

Disclaimer : Investments in the securities market are subject to market risk, read all related documents carefully before investing.

This content is for educational purposes only, it should not be construed as investment advice. Securities quoted are exemplary and not recommendatory.

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